Poland Increases Dependence on Russian Gas

Posted: January 8, 2015 in Econ 101, Sanctions on Russia Meaningless, Technology and Energy

SOURCE: http://english.capital.gr/News.asp?id=2195579

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Poland Boosts Ability to Draw Russian Gas from Germany-Bound Pipeline

By Martin M. Sobczyk

7 January 2015

WARSAW–Poland has been able to draw more Russian natural gas from the Yamal-Europe major transit pipeline since the start of the year following construction work, state-owned pipeline operator Gaz-System said Wednesday.

The move is part of efforts over the past few years to build more pipelines to diversify Polish supply routes from a single transit system originating in Russia.

With effect from Jan. 1, Poland is able to access gas destined for Germany thus getting from the West and South rather than Russia the more than 90% of the natural gas it needs to import every year, up from 9% in 2011, said the pipeline’s operator.

Russia’s OAO Gazprom and Poland’s PGNiG SA jointly control the pipeline running from gas fields in Siberia via Belarus to Poland and Germany. To meet European Union requirements for giving third parties access to such transport infrastructure, the pipeline is managed by the state-owned operator Gaz-System.

About three quarters of some 16 billion cubic meters of natural gas Poland burns every year come from outside the country and the bulk of imports from Russia, a legacy of decades of communism and Poland’s subjugation to the Soviet Union.

Over the past few years, Poland has built new pipelines allowing it to bring more gas from EU neighbors, much of it Russian pumped via Ukraine and under the Baltic Sea.

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