China Plans to Move Majority of Population into Cities by 2020……Agenda 21 To You And Me

Posted: November 17, 2014 in Society and Culture, Technology and Energy


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China Plans to Move Majority of Population into Cities by 2020

By Adam Hatch On December 18, 2013

The Chinese government has released details about how it plans to transform the largest population in the world into a modern, urban economy. Chinese authorities on Monday stated that the nation is on track to place 60% of the population in cities by 2020, when the population will stand at roughly 1.4 billion people.

Chinese leaders are troubled by slowing growth – last year was the slowest year for the gargantuan economy in over a decade. Authorities believe that by moving more of the population into cities, people will earn a greater amount of disposable income, generating more sustainable and long-term growth.

The current urban population stands at roughly 52%. While the national leadership desires a greater urban population for economic growth, other possible consequences of such rapid change make for a difficult balancing act.

As the population moves into cities, pressures on the environment will certainly increase. China already is home to 16 of the world’s 20 most polluted cities, and by forcing more people out of the country and into these gigantic urban centers, the government risks causing possible health and social problems around the country.

Furthermore, some officials are concerned that by moving so quickly towards an urban-based consumer economy, the agricultural sector will suffer, causing China to import food instead of being self-sufficient.

Another possible issue is demographic pressure and social change. As families move to cities, fewer children will be born, exasperating what will be one of the greatest social security crises seen anywhere in the world.

Finally, it is difficult to predict what a larger, more affluent, more educated middle class would expect of Chinese society, but it is unlikely that the culture and politics would remain unaffected by such profound change.

Still, considering the unprecedented growth of the Chinese economy in the past few decades, it is entirely possible that these problems are ultimately manageable and that a push towards greater urbanization will benefit China as a whole.


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